Caution

Buildbot no longer supports Python 2.7 on the Buildbot master.

Caution

This page documents the latest, unreleased version of Buildbot. For documentation for released versions, see http://docs.buildbot.net/current/.

2.2.5. Worker Setup

2.2.5.1. Creating a worker

Typically, you will be adding a worker to an existing buildmaster, to provide additional architecture coverage. The Buildbot administrator will give you several pieces of information necessary to connect to the buildmaster. You should also be somewhat familiar with the project being tested, so you can troubleshoot build problems locally.

The Buildbot exists to make sure that the project’s stated how to build it process actually works. To this end, the worker should run in an environment just like that of your regular developers. Typically the project build process is documented somewhere (README, INSTALL, etc), in a document that should mention all library dependencies and contain a basic set of build instructions. This document will be useful as you configure the host and account in which the worker runs.

Here’s a good checklist for setting up a worker:

  1. Set up the account

It is recommended (although not mandatory) to set up a separate user account for the worker. This account is frequently named buildbot or worker. This serves to isolate your personal working environment from that of the worker’s, and helps to minimize the security threat posed by letting possibly-unknown contributors run arbitrary code on your system. The account should have a minimum of fancy init scripts.

  1. Install the Buildbot code

Follow the instructions given earlier (Installing the code). If you use a separate worker account, and you didn’t install the Buildbot code to a shared location, then you will need to install it with --home=~ for each account that needs it.

  1. Set up the host

Make sure the host can actually reach the buildmaster. Usually the buildmaster is running a status webserver on the same machine, so simply point your web browser at it and see if you can get there. Install whatever additional packages or libraries the project’s INSTALL document advises. (or not: if your worker is supposed to make sure that building without optional libraries still works, then don’t install those libraries.)

Again, these libraries don’t necessarily have to be installed to a site-wide shared location, but they must be available to your build process. Accomplishing this is usually very specific to the build process, so installing them to /usr or /usr/local is usually the best approach.

  1. Test the build process

Follow the instructions in the INSTALL document, in the worker’s account. Perform a full CVS (or whatever) checkout, configure, make, run tests, etc. Confirm that the build works without manual fussing. If it doesn’t work when you do it by hand, it will be unlikely to work when the Buildbot attempts to do it in an automated fashion.

  1. Choose a base directory

This should be somewhere in the worker’s account, typically named after the project which is being tested. The worker will not touch any file outside of this directory. Something like ~/Buildbot or ~/Workers/fooproject is appropriate.

  1. Get the buildmaster host/port, botname, and password

When the Buildbot admin configures the buildmaster to accept and use your worker, they will provide you with the following pieces of information:

  1. Create the worker

Now run the ‘worker’ command as follows:

buildbot-worker create-worker BASEDIR MASTERHOST:PORT WORKERNAME PASSWORD

This will create the base directory and a collection of files inside, including the buildbot.tac file that contains all the information you passed to the buildbot command.

  1. Fill in the hostinfo files

When it first connects, the worker will send a few files up to the buildmaster which describe the host that it is running on. These files are presented on the web status display so that developers have more information to reproduce any test failures that are witnessed by the Buildbot. There are sample files in the info subdirectory of the Buildbot’s base directory. You should edit these to correctly describe you and your host.

BASEDIR/info/admin should contain your name and email address. This is the worker admin address, and will be visible from the build status page (so you may wish to munge it a bit if address-harvesting spambots are a concern).

BASEDIR/info/host should be filled with a brief description of the host: OS, version, memory size, CPU speed, versions of relevant libraries installed, and finally the version of the Buildbot code which is running the worker.

The optional BASEDIR/info/access_uri can specify a URI which will connect a user to the machine. Many systems accept ssh://hostname URIs for this purpose.

If you run many workers, you may want to create a single ~worker/info file and share it among all the workers with symlinks.

Worker Options

There are a handful of options you might want to use when creating the worker with the buildbot-worker create-worker <options> DIR <params> command. You can type buildbot-worker create-worker --help for a summary. To use these, just include them on the buildbot-worker create-worker command line, like this

buildbot-worker create-worker --umask=0o22 ~/worker buildmaster.example.org:42012 {myworkername} {mypasswd}
--no-logrotate

This disables internal worker log management mechanism. With this option worker does not override the default logfile name and its behaviour giving a possibility to control those with command-line options of twistd daemon.

--umask

This is a string (generally an octal representation of an integer) which will cause the worker process’ umask value to be set shortly after initialization. The twistd daemonization utility forces the umask to 077 at startup (which means that all files created by the worker or its child processes will be unreadable by any user other than the worker account). If you want build products to be readable by other accounts, you can add --umask=0o22 to tell the worker to fix the umask after twistd clobbers it. If you want build products to be writable by other accounts too, use --umask=0o000, but this is likely to be a security problem.

--keepalive

This is a number that indicates how frequently keepalive messages should be sent from the worker to the buildmaster, expressed in seconds. The default (600) causes a message to be sent to the buildmaster at least once every 10 minutes. To set this to a lower value, use e.g. --keepalive=120.

If the worker is behind a NAT box or stateful firewall, these messages may help to keep the connection alive: some NAT boxes tend to forget about a connection if it has not been used in a while. When this happens, the buildmaster will think that the worker has disappeared, and builds will time out. Meanwhile the worker will not realize than anything is wrong.

--maxdelay

This is a number that indicates the maximum amount of time the worker will wait between connection attempts, expressed in seconds. The default (300) causes the worker to wait at most 5 minutes before trying to connect to the buildmaster again.

--maxretries

This is a number that indicates the maximum number of time the worker will make connection attempts. After that amount, the worker process will stop. This option is useful for Latent Workers to avoid consuming resources in case of misconfiguration or master failure.

For VM based latent workers, the user is responsible for halting the system when Buildbot worker has exited. This feature is heavily OS dependent, and cannot be managed by Buildbot worker. For example with systemd, one can add ExecStopPost=shutdown now to the Buildbot worker service unit configuration.

--log-size

This is the size in bytes when to rotate the Twisted log files.

--log-count

This is the number of log rotations to keep around. You can either specify a number or None to keep all twistd.log files around. The default is 10.

--allow-shutdown

Can also be passed directly to the Worker constructor in buildbot.tac. If set, it allows the worker to initiate a graceful shutdown, meaning that it will ask the master to shut down the worker when the current build, if any, is complete.

Setting allow_shutdown to file will cause the worker to watch shutdown.stamp in basedir for updates to its mtime. When the mtime changes, the worker will request a graceful shutdown from the master. The file does not need to exist prior to starting the worker.

Setting allow_shutdown to signal will set up a SIGHUP handler to start a graceful shutdown. When the signal is received, the worker will request a graceful shutdown from the master.

The default value is None, in which case this feature will be disabled.

Both master and worker must be at least version 0.8.3 for this feature to work.

Other Worker Configuration

unicode_encoding

This represents the encoding that Buildbot should use when converting unicode commandline arguments into byte strings in order to pass to the operating system when spawning new processes.

The default value is what Python’s sys.getfilesystemencoding returns, which on Windows is ‘mbcs’, on Mac OSX is ‘utf-8’, and on Unix depends on your locale settings.

If you need a different encoding, this can be changed in your worker’s buildbot.tac file by adding a unicode_encoding argument to the Worker constructor.

s = Worker(buildmaster_host, port, workername, passwd, basedir,
           keepalive, usepty, umask=umask, maxdelay=maxdelay,
           unicode_encoding='utf-8', allow_shutdown='signal')

Worker TLS Configuration

connection_string

For TLS connections to the master the connection_string-argument must be used to Worker.__init__ function. buildmaster_host and port must then be None.

connection_string will be used to create a client endpoint with clientFromString. An example of connection_string is "TLS:buildbot-master.com:9989".

See more about how to formulate the connection string in ConnectionStrings.

Example TLS connection string:

s = Worker(None, None, workername, passwd, basedir, keepalive,
           connection_string='TLS:buildbot-master.com:9989')

Make sure the worker trusts the masters certificate. If you have an non-authoritative certificate (CA is self-signed) the trustRoot parameter can be used.

s = Worker(None, None, workername, passwd, basedir, keepalive,
           connection_string=
           'TLS:buildbot-master.com:9989:trustRoots=/dir-with-ca-certs')

It must point to a directory with PEM-encoded certificates in files with file ending .pem. For example:

$ cat /dir-with-ca-certs/ca.pem
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----

Using TCP in connection_string is the equivalent as using the buildmaster_host and port arguments.

s = Worker(None, None, workername, passwd, basedir, keepalive
           connection_string='TCP:buildbot-master.com:9989')

is equivalent to

s = Worker('buildbot-master.com', 9989, workername, passwd, basedir,
           keepalive)

2.2.5.2. Upgrading an Existing Worker

Version-specific Notes

During project lifetime worker has transitioned over few states:

  1. Before Buildbot version 0.8.1 worker were integral part of buildbot package distribution.

  2. Starting from Buildbot version 0.8.1 worker were extracted from buildbot package to buildbot-slave package.

  3. Starting from Buildbot version 0.9.0 the buildbot-slave package was renamed to buildbot-worker.

Upgrading a Worker to buildbot-slave 0.8.1

Before Buildbot version 0.8.1, the Buildbot master and worker were part of the same distribution. As of version 0.8.1, the worker is a separate distribution.

As of this release, you will need to install buildbot-slave to run a worker.

Any automatic startup scripts that had run buildbot start for previous versions should be changed to run buildslave start instead.

If you are running a version later than 0.8.1, then you can skip the remainder of this section: the upgrade-slave command will take care of this. If you are upgrading directly to 0.8.1, read on.

The existing buildbot.tac for any workers running older versions will need to be edited or replaced. If the loss of cached worker state (e.g., for Source steps in copy mode) is not problematic, the easiest solution is to simply delete the worker directory and re-run buildslave create-slave.

If deleting the worker directory is problematic, the change to buildbot.tac is simple. On line 3, replace:

from buildbot.slave.bot import BuildSlave

with:

from buildslave.bot import BuildSlave

After this change, the worker should start as usual.

Upgrading from 0.8.1 to the latest 0.8.* version of buildbot-slave

If you have just installed a new version of Buildbot-slave, you may need to take some steps to upgrade it. If you are upgrading to version 0.8.2 or later, you can run

buildslave upgrade-slave /path/to/worker/dir

Upgrading from the latest version of buildbot-slave to buildbot-worker

If the loss of cached worker state (e.g., for Source steps in copy mode) is not problematic, the easiest solution is to simply delete the worker directory and re-run buildbot-worker create-worker.

If deleting the worker directory is problematic, you can change buildbot.tac in the following way:

  1. Replace:

    from buildslave.bot import BuildSlave
    

    with:

    from buildbot_worker.bot import Worker
    
  2. Replace:

    application = service.Application('buildslave')
    

    with:

    application = service.Application('buildbot-worker')
    
  3. Replace:

    s = BuildSlave(buildmaster_host, port, slavename, passwd, basedir,
                   keepalive, usepty, umask=umask, maxdelay=maxdelay,
                   numcpus=numcpus, allow_shutdown=allow_shutdown)
    

    with:

    s = Worker(buildmaster_host, port, slavename, passwd, basedir,
               keepalive, umask=umask, maxdelay=maxdelay,
               numcpus=numcpus, allow_shutdown=allow_shutdown)
    

See Transition to “Worker” Terminology for details of changes in version Buildbot 0.9.0.