Buildbot v0.8.6p1 documentation


class buildbo.util

Several small utilities are available at the top-level buildbot.util package. As always, see the API documentation for more information.

This function sorts strings "naturally", with embedded numbers sorted numerically. This ordering is good for objects which might have a numeric suffix, e.g., winslave1, winslave2
This function will return a human-readable string describing a length of time, given a number of seconds.

This mixin class adds comparability to a subclass. Use it like this:

class Widget(FactoryProduct, ComparableMixin):
    compare_attrs = [ 'radius', 'thickness' ]
    # ...

Any attributes not in compare_attrs will not be considered when comparing objects. This is particularly useful in implementing buildbot's reconfig logic, where a simple comparison between the new and existing objects can determine whether the new object should replace the existing object.

This function will filter out some inappropriate characters for filenames; it is suitable for adapting strings from the configuration for use as filenames. It is not suitable for use with strings from untrusted sources.
This is a simple least-recently-used cache. Its constructor takes a maximum size. When the cache grows beyond this size, the least-recently used items will be automatically removed from the cache. The class has a get method that takes a key and a function to call (with the key) when the key is not in the cache. Both get and the miss function return Deferreds.


This is a decorator to wrap an event-driven method (one returning a Deferred) in an acquire/release pair of a designated DeferredLock. For simple functions with a static lock, this is as easy as:

someLock = defer.DeferredLock()
def someLockedFunction(..):
    # ..
    return d

for class methods which must access a lock that is an instance attribute, the lock can be specified by a string, which will be dynamically resolved to the specific instance at runtime:

def __init__(self):
    self.someLock = defer.DeferredLock()

    def someLockedFunction(..):
    # ..
    return d


Convert a UNIX epoch timestamp (an integer) to a Python datetime object, in the UTC timezone. Note that timestamps specify UTC time (modulo leap seconds and a few other minor details).


Convert an arbitrary Python datetime object into a UNIX epoch timestamp.


A datetime.tzinfo subclass representing UTC time. A similar class has finally been added to Python in version 3.2, but the implementation is simple enough to include here. This is mostly used in tests to create timezeon-aware datetime objects in UTC:

dt = datetime.datetime(1978, 6, 15, 12, 31, 15, tzinfo=UTC)


This package provides a few useful collection objects.


It used to be named collections, but without absolute imports (PEP 328), this precluded using the standard library's collections module.

For compatibility, it provides a clone of the Python collections.defaultdict for use in Python-2.4. In later versions, this is simply a reference to the built-in defaultdict, so buildbot code can simply use buildbot.util.collections.defaultdict everywhere.

It also provides a KeyedSets class that can represent any numbers of sets, keyed by name (or anything hashable, really). The object is specially tuned to contain many different keys over its lifetime without wasting memory. See the docstring for more information.


This package provides a simple way to say "please do this later":

from buildbot.util.eventual import eventually
def do_what_I_say(what, where):
    # ...
eventually(do_what_I_say, "clean up", "your bedroom")

The package defines "later" as "next time the reactor has control", so this is a good way to avoid long loops that block other activity in the reactor. Callables given to eventually are guaranteed to be called in the same order as the calls to eventually. Any errors from the callable are logged, but will not affect other callables.

If you need a deferred that will fire "later", use fireEventually. This function returns a deferred that will not errback.


This package is just an import of the best available JSON module. Use it instead of a more complex conditional import of simplejson or json.